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邓宝梅,林 枫,陈珍珍,张 芹,吴亚岑,周 亮,江钟立.不同话语类型影响词汇多样性和词类分布:基于普通话失语库平台的常人研究[J].中国康复医学杂志,2019,(4):410~416
不同话语类型影响词汇多样性和词类分布:基于普通话失语库平台的常人研究    点此下载全文
邓宝梅  林 枫  陈珍珍  张 芹  吴亚岑  周 亮  江钟立
南京医科大学第一附属医院(江苏省人民医院)
,南京,210029
基金项目:国家自然科学基金资助项目(81672255);江苏省科技支撑计划(BE2012675);浙江省基础公益研究计划(LGF18H170005);江苏省高校哲学社会科学优秀创新团队建设项目(2017STD006)
DOI:
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摘要:
      摘要 目的:初步构建普通话失语库常人数据集,探讨其中不同话语类型的言语产出。 方法:根据国际失语库测试标准,采集30例健康人在不同任务类型中的多媒体话语材料,采用CLAN软件进行转录、编码和校验,并对不同话语类型的词汇多样性及词类分布进行统计分析。 结果:命题故事的词汇多样性显著高于组图叙事和单图描述;三种话语类型的词类均以动词产出量最多,其次是名词;不同的话语类型具有不同的词类分布模式。 结论:话语类型能影响健康人话语的词汇多样性和词类分布,据此可为言语障碍患者在会话水平的评估和干预提供指导。
关键词:失语库  话语类型  词汇多样性  词类分布  话语评估
Different lexical diversities and word category distributions in different discourse types: a pilot study with mandarin-control set in AphasiaBank    Download Fulltext
The First Affiliated Hospital of Nanjing Medical University, Nanjing, 210029
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Abstract:
      Abstract Objective: To explore the speech performance for different discourse types by establishing a control group set for mandarin in AphasiaBank. Method: According to the established standard protocol of AphasiaBank, multi-media samples across different discourse types from thirty cognitively healthy adults were collected. Language samples were then transcribed, coded and checked by using CLAN. Lexical diversities and word category distributions across different discourse types were then analyzed. Result: Across discourse types, the highest lexical diversity was found for story narrative compared to the other two types of sequential pictures and single picture description. All three tasks had the most output of verbs, followed by nouns. Different discourse types had different distribution patterns of word categories. Conclusion: Discourse type influences lexical diversities and word category distributions in cognitively healthy adults. These findings make it possible to assess and treat patients with language disorders at discourse level.
Keywords:AphasiaBank  discourse type  lexical diversity  word category distribution  discourse assessment
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