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肖明月,刘守国,励建安,张 霞,陈思婧,王红星,赵正恩.绵竹地区地震中胫腓骨骨折伤员功能恢复的影响因素分析[J].中国康复医学杂志,2011,26(2):156~159
绵竹地区地震中胫腓骨骨折伤员功能恢复的影响因素分析    点此下载全文
肖明月  刘守国  励建安  张 霞  陈思婧  王红星  赵正恩
南京医科大学第一附属医院康复医学科,南京,210029
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DOI:
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摘要:
      摘要 目的:分析绵竹地区地震中胫腓骨骨折伤员功能恢复情况与各影响因素之间的关系,阐明伤后有效控制各影响因素的重要性。 方法:以调查问卷方式对绵竹地区86例地震中胫腓骨骨折已愈合的伤员进行随访。采用Johner-Wruhs胫腓骨骨折疗效评定标准评定骨折功能恢复情况,对可能影响骨折功能恢复及预后的12项因素,做单因素分析和Logistic逐步回归分析。 结果:Logistic回归分析结果显示,影响胫腓骨骨折功能恢复的变量为:制动时间、年龄、性别与康复介入情况。接受过康复治疗与骨折功能恢复呈正相关(P<0.05);制动时间长、女性、高龄与骨折功能恢复呈负相关(P<0.05)。 结论:胫腓骨骨折功能恢复与多种影响因素有关,减少制动时间,尽早介入康复训练,有助于患者的功能恢复。
关键词:胫腓骨骨折  功能恢复  制动  康复训练
Analysis of factors influencing functional recovery after tibia and fibula fractures of earthquake survivors in Sichuan-Mianzhu    Download Fulltext
Department of Rehabilitation Medicine, the First Affiliated Hospital of Nanjing Medical University, Nanjing, 210029
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Abstract:
      Abstract Objective: To analysis the relationship between the various factors and functional recovery after tibia and fibula fractures of earthquake survivors in Sichuan-Mianzhu district. Method: Eighty-six victims with tibia and fibula fractures were invested by on-site survey. The functional status after fracture was evaluated by Johner-Wruhs′ criteria. Twelve possible parameters that influenced the functional status after fracture were included. The univariate analysis and Logistic regression analysis were employed. Result: The results of Logistic regression showed that the influencing factors were immobilization duration, gender, age and rehabilitation intervention. The functional status after fracture were negatively correlated with long immobilization duration, female and elder(P<0.05), while positively with rehabilitation intervention(P<0.05). Conclusion: The functional recovery after tibia and fibula fractures were related to immobilization duration, rehabilitation training, gender and age. This may provide evidence for future strategy making for massive natural disasters for lower limb fractures and rehabilitation.
Keywords:tibia and fibula fracture  functional restoration  immobilization  rehabilitation
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