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刘 颖,杨少峰,金 光.青年腰椎间盘突出症发病原因与物理治疗效果分析[J].中国康复医学杂志,2009,24(11):999~1001
青年腰椎间盘突出症发病原因与物理治疗效果分析    点此下载全文
刘 颖  杨少峰  金 光
中国医学科学院,中国协和医科大学,北京协和医院物理医学康复科,北京,100730
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摘要:
      目的:探讨青年腰椎间盘突出症(LDH)的发病原因及物理治疗的临床效果。方法:选取20—30岁青年初发LDH患者18例。应用腰椎牵引、脉冲短波、脉冲磁疗及低频调制中频电疗对患者进行综合物理治疗。治疗前后采用JOA下腰痛评估表评价患者的腰椎功能状况,并计算改善率。结果:9例患者有明确外伤史;9例患者有久坐生活方式史;5例患者站立位工作时间超过8h/d,4例患者体重超过正常。男性与女性患者的年龄、BMI及JOA评分无显著差异(P>0.05)。治疗后患者JOA评分明显高于治疗前,差异有显著性意义(P<0.05)。物理治疗的显效率为72.22%。结论:外伤、久坐、久站、体重超重或肥胖是青年LDH的主要危险因素。物理治疗对青年初发LDH有显著疗效。
关键词:腰椎间盘突出症  青年  物理治疗
The analysis of pathogeny and effect of physiotherapy in young patients with lumbar disc herniation    Download Fulltext
Department of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation,Peking Union Medical College Hospital, Beijing,100730
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Abstract:
      Objective: To explore pathogeny and clinical effect of physiotherapy in young patients with lumbar disc herniation(LDH). Method: Eighteen young LDH patients at 20—30 years old were administered comprehensive physiotherapy including lumbar traction, pulsed short wave therapy, pulsed magnetotherapy or low frequency modulated medium frequency electrotherapy. Before and after treatment, lumbar function was assessed with JOA scale. Result: Nine patients had specific trauma history; nine patients had sedentary lifestyle; five patients worked for more than 8h/d in standing position; four patients had body mass index(BMI) 24—28. There was no significant difference in age, BMI and JOA score between male and female group(P>0.05). Patients scored significantly higher after treatment(P<0.05). The remarkable effective rate of physiotherapy was 72.22%. Conclusion: Trauma, sedentary lifestyle, standing for long time, overweight or obesity are primary risk factors of LDH for youth and should be prevented by health education. Physiotherapy is significant efficient for young LDH patients.
Keywords:lumbar disc herniation  youth  physiotherapy
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